Three Types of Thesis or Dissertation

Expository, Analytical and Argumentative Research Papers

thesis dissertation
A thesis or dissertation can be:

  • Explanatory (expository) survey of facts and opinions available on a given topic;
  • Analytical argument that uses those facts and opinions to prove a thesis.

Explanatory Thesis

In this case you make little attempt to judge which opinion is worth more than another. Through quotation, summary or paraphrase, you try to report the available facts on your topic and the opinions it has evoked. You explain the pros and cons of various positions but do not side definitely with any of them. You are to end an explanatory research paper by summarizing its findings and stating its implications. As a matter of fact, you are not “present” in the paper as a researcher; you’re rather a fact-file compiler.

Argumentative Thesis

In this case you interpret, question, compare and judge the statements you cite. You explain why one opinion is sound and another is not, why one fact is relevant and another is not, why one writer is correct and another is mistaken. The statements you cite work together in an argument that you create – an argument that leads to a conclusion of your own. You are to end an argumentative research paper by reaffirming your thesis and stating its implications. In such a paper it’s possible to hear your own researcher’s “voice”.

Arguments originate from claims, which are statements that need defending. The evidence for a claim includes the specific facts or data on which the claim rests. Effective arguments support general claims with specific evidence: facts and examples, figures and statistics, sources and authorities. A reasoned argument is one that attempts to convince readers by the use of two common forms of reasoning: induction and deduction.

Analytical Thesis

Now show your abilities of interpretation, assessment and evaluation. To analyze a particular topic, subject or problem means to break it into parts small enough to handle. In analysis you are using classification and division. Classification is the arrangement of objects, people or ideas with shared characteristics into classes or groups. Classification is a way of imposing order on the hundreds of individual persons and things we have around us. We place them in general categories. Classification goes hand in hand with division, which is the act of cutting up one big group into several subgroups.

To write a deserving thesis or dissertation you have to employ all the approaches, at least up to some extent. It will facilitate comprehensive coverage of research data and the creation of a prime thesis or dissertation. But it’s not all; there are some other weighty factors that influence academic success of your research paper. Follow us on this blog to get access to inside info on the hottest academic themes!

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